Export control is a complicated topic with increasing attention. In fact, the real-life examples of high fees and even jail time for failure to comply make it a high-priority issue for UTIA and for UTIA employees.|
Export control laws are federal regulations that govern how certain information, technologies, and commodities can be transmitted overseas to anyone -- including U.S. citizens -- or to foreign nationals on U.S. soil. In the federal statutes, the latter is considered a “deemed export” which impacts Universities significantly. Export controls present a challenge to research institutions because federal law demands that national security – and the safeguards it mandates – be reconciled with the concept of unrestricted academic freedom. Still, we have a responsibility to comply with export control laws and are committed to protecting our employees and other resources.
The federal agencies that exercise regulatory authority for export control include:
When do you need to be concerned with export control issues?
1. If your work involves potential military application or defense technology, software, or other defense articles listed on the United States Munitions List (USML) under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Part 121
2. If your work requires travel to foreign countries.
Travel to a foreign country may involve export control issues. You must have a license to take ITAR-controlled articles, technical data, or software (see item 1, above) out of the country. Please contact Jane Burns at 974-7375 as soon as possible if you are planning to take any articles, software, instruments, equipment, or data out of the country. In addition, EAR-controlled items or software (see item 4, below) may need a license to transport.
In addition, it is important you take precautions to protect yourself and university data when you travel, especially out of the country. See safety tips for foreign travel.
You must check with OSP before traveling to embargoed countries, found on the OFAC Sanctions Program and Country Summary.
Before traveling internationally, familiarize yourself with the US Department of State website for international travelers. It includes vital country-specific information (laws you will not want to break, local embassy contact info, etc.) and facts about what to do if you face an emergency (lose a passport or worse) while traveling.
Countries the US Dept. of State considers to be “at risk” for travel by Americans are included in this listing.
3. If you are working with a foreign national.
Foreign countries and most individuals who are not U.S. citizens are considered “foreign nationals”. One exception (who is not considered a foreign national) is an alien who is a “Lawful Permanent Resident” (i.e. Green Card holder).
If you are working with a foreign national, Export Administration Regulations (EAR) regarding “deemed exports” may apply.
4. If your work involves anything with a strong potential dual-use (civilian and military) application Export Administration Regulations (EAR) apply.
5. If your work addresses Homeland Security concerns or spacecraft technology, staffing restrictions or licensing requirements may apply.
6. In addition, any of the following will raise export control questions for an extramural sponsored project:
What should you do if any of these six conditions apply?Contact Jane Burns 865-974-7375.
Exclusions to Export Control Laws may apply,such as these three that are particularly relevant to academic research:
However, do not assume an exception will apply since the laws are complex. Also, be aware that these exclusions can be lost if researchers sign side agreements (including material transfer and non-disclosure agreements) that contain publication restrictions or restrict research participants. Per UTIA Procedures that exist to protect the faculty and the University, it is crucial that no agreements are signed without full review and approval by the sponsored programs office.
Training Materials:Brief Summary of Export Control Issues
For additional informationContact Jane Burns with any questions.